by Gregg Greer
On this day Apr 12, 1861:
The bloodiest four years in American history begin when Confederate shore batteries under General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. On April 13, 1861- U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln who a year later issued a proclamation calling for On September 22, 1862; Lincoln announced that he would issue a formal emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America.
Today Glendora, Mississippi is a small town located in Tallahatchie County , surrounding the Tallahatchie, an Indian name meaning Rock River, was founded in 1833 by settlers crossing the Mississippi River through small Indian trails.
Nearly 150 years after Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, Poor Blacks are trapped by extreme poverty, isolation, fear and shame, (some stories of rape) and psychological brainwashing some of the blacks remain victims of modern-slavery in rural areas of the South, Specifically, in Glendora Mississippi an area where poor black workers locked into work in labor fields, factories and assorted industries. The region has been called “The Most Southern Place on Earth” because of its unique racial, cultural, and economic history. It was one of the richest cotton growing areas and, before the American Civil War (1861-1865). So the question becomes one of race, and how does Slavery still exist today. According to Research Data from the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center:
Slavery still exists today. Whether it is called human trafficking, bonded labor, forced labor, or sex trafficking, it is present worldwide, including within the United States and, increasingly, in your local community.
An estimated 12 – 27 million people are caught in one or another form of slavery. Between 600,000 and 800,000 are trafficked internationally, with as many as 17,500 people trafficked into the United States. Nearly three out of every four victims are women. Half of modern-day slaves are children.
Glendora Population (Facts)
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, Glendora has a population of approximately 285 people, most of which are property owners and still actively engage in the production of such commercial crops as corn, rice, soybean, and cotton. The genders of the town are almost split in half between male and female with nearly 60%, being youth. This increasing population of youth is evidence that Glendora , a small town in Mississippi.
There were 73 housing units at an average density of 515.2 per square mile (201.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 4.56% White, 92.28% African American, 0.70% Native American, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.16% of the population.
The per capita income for the village was $7,044. About 68.2% of families and 62.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 83.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 40.0% of those sixty five or over.
Glendora (Delta) Racist History (Facts)
“I have taken a look at the research (Reverend Greer), and I truly believe this is happening, “that Glendora Mississippi and the Delta Region has a definable racist past, this is so important to note because so many people have been senselessly killed – too many of them already forgotten,” says Greer-History shows that in this community (Glendora) people who are at the forefront of the Civil Rights battle believe this region in Mississippi has a deep-rooted and long-term history of racial issues and Civil Rights Violations.
Here are two well-known Historical examples;
- The Murder of Emmett Till: The Brutal Killing that Mobilized the Civil Rights Movement started in a Glendora storefront when Young Till whistled at a white woman, and was pistol-whipped him several times then shot and thrown of the banks of the Tallahatchie River.
- Murder of Twenty-three-year-old Mack Charles Parker, a black truck driver from Lumberton, was accused of raping a white woman (his long time girlfriend). Witnesses had seen the couple together in the past, but on April 25, 1959, Parker was taken and dragged by a lynch mob from the jail in the rural logging town of Poplaville and shot to death on a river bridge north of Bogalusa, Louisiana three days before his scheduled trial date.
Humanitarians and Civil Rights advocates around the country believe that in Glendora on plantations land owners hold these poor black workers against their will. “Slavery never ended there (Glendora) on Plantations and that’s the point, it never ended, It just disguised itself in other forms,” says Antoinette Harrell, who is a Civil Rights Activist based in Louisiana and has documented the plight of people she describes as modern slaves in America for the organization she founded called Slavery.Org.
According to Amanda Kloer who is Change.org Editor and has been a full-time abolitionist in several capacities for seven years, “We often talk about historical slavery and modern-day slavery as two unconnected phenomenon that happen to share similar characteristics. But there has been an unbroken chain of slavery in the U.S. and around the world since the 13 amendment abolished the practice in 1865. In Mississippi and Louisiana, African-American slaves became sharecroppers who became workers in personage who became victims of debt bondage and that exploitation continues today.”
Many struggle to understand how this is happening in 2012. The fact is people are forced to stay on plantations in Glendora, Miss., and Roseland, La., and other places where brutal plantation landowners use isolation and threats of violence to keep these poor Black workers under control.
Yes, slavery still exists in today in Mississippi and Louisiana, says Timothy Arden Smith, who captured the story in a documentary called “The Cotton Pickin’ Truth … Still on the Plantation,” Others express disbelief and denial because of the perception of racial progress in America, such as having a Black president. “
The upper class Blacks look at it and they are shocked,” said Timothy Smith. “They feel ‘this is not going on we have a Black president.’ ”It is out of sight and out of mind for those who know slavery exists, he added.The Smiths said the areas are isolated, deep inland from main roads and “far away from civilization,” where plantation owners do what they want
Timothy Smith pointed out that the film gives meaning to the human experience and how most people are yet enslaved on one level or another. He cited his colleagues in the media industry who choose to focus on partying and frivolity, fearful of taking on a serious issue such as slavery in modern America.
Glendora, Miss., Mayor Johnny Thomas agrees bogus debt schemes like peonage and sharecropping were used to exploit Black people well into the 20th century. This was his experience growing up as a sharecropper in the late 1950s.
“It’s pre-meditated,” Mayor Thomas explains. “You were kept indebted to the point where you couldn’t leave.” In these cases the plantation owner pays the debt, then the “debtor” and—in most instances—his entire family work the plantation to repay the money. Only the debt is never caught up.
While not bought and sold at auction block, these poor Blacks are forced to work, live in shanty shacks, and often have no indoor plumbing and are often trapped, tied to land where they owe owners debts that are never repaid, according to an activist and researcher. Some Blacks are even forced to pay rent to White landowners for dilapidated housing but are fearful of identifying landlords and owners.
The average price of a slave has decreased during the past 200 years, according to Kevin Bales, a leading abolitionist who has written several books about modern-day slavery.
In 1809, the average price of a slave was $40,000 when adjusted to today’s money. In 2009, the average price of a slave was $90, Bales says. This may be one reason Plantation Owners use fear and intimidation tactics in Glendora.
The chart above may prove why to this day to this day racism remains pervasive on both sides of the conflict at its heart, slavery is an inhuman perversion of a simple economic principle: the best way to maximize profits is by minimizing the cost of labor. In today’s global economy, the seemingly inexhaustible demand for cheap goods and services has created a vast, largely invisible market for easily replenished supplies of men, women and children who are forced to work against their will, for little or no pay, and under constant threat of violence or intimidation.
Gregg Greer President of the Urban Christian Leadership Institute has been a advocate of Human Rights does feel that the problem of human right violations exist in Glendora in the Mississippi Delta Area. “People are being held against their and made to do forced labor then someone has knowledge about it! period! What we need is a Justice Department investigation,” Says, Greer. We hope information such as this will “Break the grip of Shame.” If we focus we can help unravel the complicated tangle of criminal enterprises trading in human life that might be happening.”
We want to make people aware about what’s going on so we can stop what’s going on,” Tobias Smith said
For more information and what you can do to help write to:
Urban Christian Leadership Institute. 2216 Booker Ave Charlotte, NC 28216
US Department of Justice 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Civil Rights Division Criminal Section – PHB Washington, DC 20530
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Love and Peace, G.Greer
Gregg Greer, Chief Editor of One(1) World