What do Blacks and Hispanics have to Loose? May we present- The housing discrimination case against minorities by The Trumps.United States of America v. Fred C. Trump, Donald Trump and Trump Management, Inc.
NEW YORK On July in 1972- when a black woman “undercover,” asked to rent an apartment in a Brooklyn complex managed by Donald Trump’s real estate company, she said she was told that nothing was available. A few days afterward a white woman “undercover,” who made the same request was invited to choose between two available apartments. At the time civil rights organizations such as the Urban League began to send testers to Trump properties.
In October 1973, the Justice Department filed a Federal civil rights case that accused the Trump firm, whose complexes contained 14,000 apartments, of violating the Fair Housing Act of 1968. A lawsuit came after a government sting where the U.S. government-sanctioned investigations at properties across Brooklyn and Queens which determined whether Trump Management Inc. discriminated against minorities seeking housing. The case was one of the biggest federal housing discrimination suits to be brought during that time, put a spotlight on the family empire led by its 27-year-old president, Donald Trump, and his father, Fred Trump, the chair. According to the The account which gained notice in a 1979 Village Voice investigation was based on a review of more than 1,000 pages of court records, including hearing transcripts and affidavits that have received little attention in the decades since the case, as well as interviews with people involved in the case. Also details were shared in a recent a Daily Beast story. The legal battle which lasted 20-months marked the very first time Trump became a regular presence on national newspaper front pages.
Working from offices in Washington and New York, Justice Department lawyers decided to file a case: United States of America v. Fred C. Trump, Donald Trump and Trump Management, Inc. Details of the case would show Trump employees had selected and marked the applications of Blacks and Hispanics with codes, such as “No. 9” and “C” for “colored,” according to federal investigators who gathered the evidence according to interview accounts presented and filed in federal district court. The employees allegedly directed Blacks and Puerto Ricans away from buildings with mostly white tenants, and steered them toward properties that had many minorities. A white woman who went undercover in 1973 named Phyllis Spiro, told investigators how at a Trump property a building superintendent acknowledged to her “that he followed a racially discriminatory rental policy at the direction of his superiors, and that there were only very few ‘colored’ tenants” at the complex, according to court records.
(Tear sheet from U.S. v Fred Trump complaint from October 1973. )
According to government filings one black woman, for example, was turned away at a heavily white complex but told that she should “try to obtain an apartment at Patio Gardens,” where “a black judge had recently become a tenant,” according to government filings.
At the time the suit was filed, Trump had been thinking about veering away from his father’s focus on providing housing for lower- and middle-income residents of Brooklyn and Queens, and envisioning his future as a developer of luxury buildings for the rich in Manhattan.
But now the first thing most people were hearing about Trump was that he was being accused of discrimination-Later Trump would say, “The idea of settling drove me crazy,” he wrote in “The Art of the Deal.”
“What we didn’t do was rent to welfare cases, white or black,” Trump wrote in his 1987 autobiography. “I’d rather fight than fold, because as soon as you fold once, you get the reputation of being a folder.” The federal case ended when Trump negotiated a consent degree with the DOJ, requiring him to advertise vacancies in minority papers and list them with the Urban League. The Justice Department said “racially discriminatory conduct by Trump agents has occurred with such frequency that it has created a substantial impediment to the full enjoyment of equal opportunity.” GLG
Read More: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/inside-the-governments-racial-bias-case-against-donald-trumps-company-and-how-he-fought-it/2016/01/23/fb90163e-bfbe-11e5-bcda-62a36b394160_story.html