who was the victim of one of the most horrible incidents of racial prejudice and a broken justice system in United States History

Why are Christians Persecuted in the Church

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One World By Gregg L Greer, Editor for One World
Recently When Dylann Roof (pictured, below) allegedly opened fire at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina it was an act of terror of the kind that happens all too often in black houses of worship. Roof has been charged with shooting and killing nine people, including senior pastor of the church and South Carolina state Sen. Clementa Pinckney.
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The article that follows explores the history of persecution of the early church, some of the reasons behind it, and two important questions that we must raise with Christian responses to persecution: the glorification of persecution in the church, and why would anyone what to hurt Christians?

In the first few centuries of Christianity

 
In the first few centuries of Christianity, the church endured regular (though not constant) persecution at the hands of Roman authorities. This experience, is so deeply rooted in legacy of the church that it resulted in the multiple stories of martyrs and apologists, that today we know these stories as The Gospel, which is the foundation that Christians base their core beliefs on-in addition to having other significant historical and theological consequences for the developing our faith.
 

Level, amount and  Persecutions

According to historical record-The total number of Christians martyred in the early church is unknown. Although some early writers speak of “great “modern scholars tend to believe the actual number is not so great as is sometimes imagined. Out of the 54 emperors who ruled between 30 and 311 AD, only about a dozen went out of their way to persecute Christians.

Early_persecution_of_christian by Nero
Early_persecution_of_christian by Nero

It has been calculated that between the first persecution under Nero in 64 to the Edict of Milan in 313, Christians experienced 129 years of persecution and 120 years of toleration and peace.

The Roman persecutions were generally sporadic, localized, and dependent on the political climate and disposition of each emperor. Moreover, imperial decrees against Christians were often directed against church property, the Scriptures, or clergy only. It has been estimated that more Christians have been martyred in the last 50 years than in the church’s first 300 years.

Non-Crucified-Savior-DB2

Why is the Christian Church Persecuted

If we look at history we would see- In order to understand the distrust of Christianity, one can review and understand the Early Roman view of religion. For the Romans, religion was first and foremost a social activity that promoted unity and loyalty to the state – a religious attitude the Romans called pietas, or piety.

Marcus Tullius Cicero  (January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC)
Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC)

Cicero (pictured, right) wrote that “if piety in the Roman sense were to disappear, social unity and justice would perish along with it.”

The truth is at its core, the church is one giant social network. It exists as an intricate, but totally connected community. Even more important, many Christians believe that God is working within this network himself. Devotion to Jesus has been a large part of the African-American experience. The black church has been and continues to be a powerful force in the African-American community.

In the United States, Christians reacted to slavery in a substantially different way. While there was vocal Christian protest against the slave trade and much of the abolitionist movement was spear-headed by Christian people, there were also many Christians who defended slavery. The issue of slavery grew more divisive, and eventually most of the major Protestant denominations divided over the issue. This actually set the stage for the Civil War.

Another major example of Christian Persecution was The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing (below) was an act of white supremacist terrorism that occurred at the African-American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted a minimum of 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church.

The family of Carol Robertson, a 14-year-old African American girl killed in a church bombing, attend graveside services for her, Sept. 17, 1963, Birmingham, Ala. Seated left to right: Carol Robertsons sister Dianne and parents, Mr. Alvin Robertson Sr. and Mrs. Alpha Robertson. The others are unidentified. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)
The family of Carol Robertson, a 14-year-old African American girl killed in a church bombing, attend graveside services for her, Sept. 17, 1963, Birmingham, Ala. Seated left to right: Carol Robertsons sister Dianne and parents, Mr. Alvin Robertson Sr. and Mrs. Alpha Robertson. The others are unidentified. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

Described by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as “one of the most vicious and tragic crimes ever perpetrated against humanity,” the explosion at the church killed four girls and injured 22 others.

What can we do in an effort of prevention

 With structural racism the global issues are deep rooted worldwide. While the issues seem to become more pronounced everyday making this tragedy about religion instead of race allows many others  to avoid discussions about how their positions vis a vis race and government tend to reenforce rather than dismantle the structural racism still present in our society today. On a more social, practical level, Christians are distrusted by extreme mist organizations in part because of the nature of their worship. 

Emmanuel AME Church Charleston, SC
Emmanuel AME Church
Charleston, SC

 In any case, it is sad that such experiences ever occur, because the church is an indispensable part of the believer’s life. Not only does it provide a place to worship, serve and learn about God, but it is also a community where believers can practice love toward their brethren as the Bible requires; “But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin” (1 John 1:7).

 These tools extend fellowship beyond the church walls and stretch it around the world are needed as They help us fulfill Jesus’ command to Peter, which still echoes for us today: “Put out into deep water” (Luke 5:4). GLG

https://www.facebook.com/pages/One-1-World/132992030077890
https://www.facebook.com/pages/One-1-World/132992030077890

Activist Prepares for Hunger Strike to Combat Police Brutality, Misconduct and Shootings in California

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By Gregg L Greer, Editor for One World

On May 13, 2014 A California Professor James Cosner will go on a hunger strike “to his death,” according to Cosner and Organizers (CAMPAIGN 4 JUSTICE) as a method of civil disobedience against the State of California in a battle for cause. Cosner’s desire is to bring national attention to the growing stream of violent deaths of many mostly young men (citizens)-the reason given-is the incredibly tragic way many have died (resulting at hands of Police) or better know as “Police Brutality.

Jame.3 (PS)

Although he (Cosner) has not fallen victim to directly to Police Brutality, Cosner though his long-term Social Activism has dedicated his life to the rescinding of unethical social and economic aspects of the Criminal Justice policies in California and abroad. Additionally, Cosner has had dealings with law enforcement, which is not unusual and usually “Power for the Course,” as most advocates consider civil disobedience to be a very successful method of fighting Injustice.

 

March-against-police-brutality-in-Anaheim
March-against-police-brutality-in-Anaheim

In California,  use of deadly force by police shootings continue to disturb communities. The “Hardest,” demographic base hit are low-income communities and communities of color. Many citizens recognize that no force is exceedingly more explosive and leads to tragedy, more than Police Brutality caused deadly force. Activist believe the multiple cases that most go under  Federal Justice Department scrutiny and investigation concerns are records of police wrongdoing addressed over the last several years, also any inquiries to the United States Attorneys and in addition to The Federal Bureau of Investigation. Activist believe the investigations, must include any/all Police Brutality cases handled solely by local police departments.

 

David Silva-murdered-by-police in Bakersfield, CA

 

Cosner’s objection, while timely, is not without merit- to date there are a growing list of examples – one in particular, in Bakersfield California, a 911 caller claimed a, “guy” had been viciously battered to death on one road by eight police officers. The man, who died that evening, was father of four, David Sal Silva, 33. Two eyewitnesses claimed to have recorded videos of the beating on their cell phones, but local police seized the phones.

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Other Major California Cases

 

Kenneth Harding Jr. was gunned down in the Bay Area streets by San Francisco Police for allegedly failing to pay a $2.00 transit fare. More info https://www.facebook.com/groups/433149643404154/
Kenneth Harding Jr. was gunned down in the Bay Area streets by San Francisco Police for allegedly failing to pay a $2.00 transit fare

It has been two years since Kenneth Harding Jr. was gunned down in the Bay Area streets by San Francisco Police for allegedly failing to pay a $2.00 transit fare. Police later claimed that Kenneth Harding Jr., 19, allegedly shot himself to death during an exchange of gunfire with police as he ran away from two officers who attempted to arrest him for alleged fare avoidance.

Oscar Grat Foundation, includes other families of victims murdered by "Police Brutality."  http://www.oscargrantfoundation.com/
Oscar Grant Foundation, includes other families of victims murdered by “Police Brutality.”
http://www.oscargrantfoundation.com/

 

With the particular example of Oscar Grant, Officer Johannes Mehserle claimed he mixed his service revolver for his taser. However, for what reason? Would the officer taser Grant in the first place? Grant continued to be restrained, also as he was circled by police officers and lying face-down in cuffs on the Oakland rapid transit platform. Many who know of the incident still question, under which? assumption did Mehserle think of the necessity to use any force at all? Officer Mehserle was eventually convicted in criminal court of involuntary manslaughter but completed less than two years in prison.

Rarely do methods of civil defiance draw the same level of public awareness as a hunger strike. This method has been used around world over to galvanize public support, unite a movement, and draw awareness to issues that under other conditions might go overlooked. What is completely reliant is how long the striker can continue to go without his or her most essential instincts, hunger strikes do not require posters or conference halls or television cameras. It is a method of dissent available to practically anyone, anywhere in the world.

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Here is a brief history of more well known-Hunger Strikes. While Cosner has not made himself a comparison to anyone else- Cosner’s Actions are inline in comparison and also in the thoughts and views of many great leaders, examples include;

mahatma gandhi biography

1. Mohandas Gandhi
An influence for many non-violent peace demonstrations, Gandhi conducted a twenty-one day fast against British control in February 1943. A Separate fast in 1948 concluded after five days, with Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindus declaring they would work toward Gandhi’s concept of comprehensive national solidarity.

cEASER cHavez

2. Cesar Chavez
The Latino-American labor movement leader used hunger strikes on various occasions while agitating for farm workers. In 1968, Chavez began a 25-day fast to obtain recognition for the union he helped co-found, the United Farm Workers.

 

 bobby_sands_33. Bobby Sands
An Irish nationalist died 66 days into a hunger strike in 1981, and likewise Nine hunger strikers died after Sands after necessitating that many Irish Republican Army members were made political prisoners by the British during the unrest. The 27-year-old Sands dropped 60 pounds before he died.

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Statement from James Cosner

On May 13th, whether I am one or many, I will not eat as a form of spiritual and political protest until either I return to my ancestors or until the government meets the following demands:

First: Free Leonard Peltier, Move 9/8, Mumia Abu Jamal, Ramsey Muniz, and Rocky Boice immediately!

2nd: Fire immediately and level 1st degree murder charges against the following officers:

Gregory Sur and company for killing Mark Garcia, retry Johannes Mehserly for killing Oscar Grant, John Moody for killing Ernest Duenez, Miguel Masso for killing Allen Blueford, Steve Gilley for killing Michael Nida, Manuel Ramos for killing Kelly Thomas, Richard Hastings, Mikeal Ali, and Mathew Lopez for killing Kenneth Harding, Dan Hurtado, Ray Drabek, and Mike Brannigan for killing Martin Angel Hernandez, John Nesbitt, Gregory Dunn, and Erick Azarvand for killing James Rivera, Dominique Perez and Keith Sandy for killing James Boyed, and ?? for killing Everado Toress.

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no-justice

As landscape gets denser, more complex, the public outcry from inside California is growing louder, there will be more groups willing to come forward and engage the public, and the ability to undertake collective action. In the political arena, as the protests and demonstrations are increased Cosner and his group of “Freedom Fighters,” can only hope that their coordinated public effort with bring much-needed change.

I am committed to a particular course of action because I believe it to be true, my truth, and if I am wrong then I will take responsibility for being wrong. But, I do not believe that I am wrong.
We do wish for all the Creator’s children to mature, to grow up, to take responsibility, to find integrity, to secure intelligence, and achieve lasting wisdom.

James Cosner, Peace!

For More Information on James Cosner and the CAMPAIGN 4 JUSTICE visit:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1463153727251897/admins/?order=default

Related  Articles

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/22/david-silva-cell-phone-video-bakersfield-police-beating_n_3314957.html

http://presstv.com/detail/2013/01/22/284918/activists-in-california-protest-police-brutality/

One World

Gregg L. Greer a Public Speaker, Pastor, Writer and Social Activist. Gregg  L. Greer as the Editor of One World, and One World Today internet journals. you can reach him at one1worldtoday@gmail.com.

 

Florida leaders Prepare to fight “Break TheGrip of Shame”-Stand Your Ground Must Go!

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By Gregg L.Greer, One World, Editor

Renisha-Mcbride-Funeral murder using Stand Your Ground as a defense
Renisha Mcbride’s  Funeral
Her murderer using Stand Your Ground as a defense

On Tuesday April 8, 2014 at 9:30 am hundreds are expected at the State Capitol to rally in question of a law that senselessly expands the concept of self-defense and sows dangerous conflict in our neighborhoods.

Last year, the Tampa Bay Times  analyzed 134 fatal Florida cases in which the Stand Your Ground defense was raised or played a role.  Out of the 134, 19 percent of the cases involved the deaths of children or teens. Another 14 involved victims were 20 or 21, and another 8 teens were injured in nonfatal cases.  It seems as though these Stand Your Ground laws aren’t doing anything to deter  violence, but encouraging it and adding to the murder rate.

Break The Grip of Shame Rally-Tuesday April 8, 2014
Break The Grip of Shame Rally-Tuesday April 8, 2014 9:30 am

Break The Grip of Shame Rally-Tuesday April 8, 2014 9:30 am

Stand Your Ground is one of the most dangerous pieces of legislation ever known in America since organized “lynching.” If you maintain “stand your ground” as the reason you shot at and killed someone, whatever happens to you can depend less on the merits of the case than on who you are, and in whatever state your case is decided.” said Reverend  Gregg Greer a member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference-Rally Lead Organizer-We want everyone to STAND WITH US!

 

Starting April 8, 2014 9:30am State Capital at (WALLER PARK) 500 Duval Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-Across from the Supreme Court

  Florida must “Break the Grip of Shame.” !!!

For more information on the Break the Grip of Shame Rally! Freedom First International, and the effort to stop “Stand Your Ground”  email-freedom1stsclc.gg@gmail.com or call (855) 612-7771 and leave a message.

                All event information and  can be found on  https://www.facebook.com/events/712321675457991/ 

                         For More information you may email One World editorial at One1worldtoday@gmail.com

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One World Gregg L. Greer a Public Speaker, Minister, and Social Activist. Gregg Greer as the Editor of One World, and One World Today internet journals. you can reach him at one1worldtoday@gmail.com

Why We Believe the George Stinney Jr. trial was tainted from the start!

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     George Stinney’s Family Speaks Out!  (Why We Believe the George Stinney Jr. trial was tainted from the start!)

 stinney_image ,2

Today- February 20, 2014, the Family and Advocates of George Stinney Jr. have decided to release an official statement with regards to their loved one. Their desire to release this statement is not an emotional appeal for empathy but rather our desire to make more public little known facts about this case and our feelings with having to endure this incident that will always be in the background of our lives. In addition this effort is to highlight our belief that we must not hide the past, but apologize for the past, and work toward a progressive future. While we are now fighting to correct this wrong, we want to hope for an America in which all American Citizens can welcome freedom and justice. (Family and Friends)

Statement:

Clarendon County, South Carolina, -At fourteen years of age George Stinney Jr., a young boy with no criminal record in his entire life, who’s name now lives in infamy as the youngest person executed in U.S. History for the “alleged” murder of young two white girls. The case of George Stinney Jr. stinks of circumstantial, unproven and unsubstantiated prosecutorial testimony combined with a host of other injustices. The list of questionable factors is heavy, they include; a Governor who was an alleged White Supremacist , a Defense Tax lawyer who was not trained for Defense of Capital Cases-while preparing for an election that dropped the ball and totally misrepresented Stinney. Also don’t exclude the fact that the confession of George Stinney Jr. was never recorded in police files, and Detectives offered the boy ice cream once they were done-also that the statement appears to have been fabricated from start to finish. While these factors may be minimal to some we, believe-they are enough to show and prove that George Stinney Jr. had no chance of a fair trial, and that this case-was tainted from start to finish.

Facts:

  • We believe that the Confession of George Stinney Jr. was a historic miscarriage of justice and according to witnesses and court records the confession of George Stinney Jr. does not exists in any public records. Three Sheriff’s offered the boy ice cream once they were done. While at the recent court hearing testimony from a child psychiatrist who said the confession, no matter what it said, is “not reliable.”Dr. Amanda Salas, a defense witness, said she reviewed what few documents remained from the case and interviewed Stinney family members to make her evaluation. Salas testified that Stinney was likely suggestible to the white prosecutors and law enforcement who were there for his confession. She also said George Stinney grew up in a culture and in a family that encouraged strict compliance to whites, which may have caused George Stinney to “cave” when questioned by the adults.
  • The confession…is best characterized as a coerced, compliant, false confession,” Salas said. the confession, no matter what it said, is “not reliable.”
  • Governor Olin D. Johnston (an alleged White Supremacist), was mainly responsible for the “railroading,” of this case
    It is believed that Governor Olin D. Johnston (an alleged White Supremacist), was mainly responsible for the “railroading,” of this case
    Our research has shown that Governor Olin D. Johnston (an alleged White Supremacist), was mainly responsible for the “railroading,” of this case- Johnson was in an election year and directly assigned the Police investigator Mr. S.J. Pratt from Columbia, South Carolina. Still despite many ongoing questions regarding the validity of the officers’ testimony and Stinney’s alleged confession from local (area) churches, the N.A.A.C.P., and unions who pleaded with Johnston to stop the execution and commute the sentence to life imprisonment, citing George Stinney’s age as a mitigating factor but he did not act, instead Johnston allowed the execution to take place. That spring, police details of Stinney’s alleged confession were swiftly routed to the governor’s office in Columbia. As clemency pleas came in to then-Gov. Olin Johnston, responded with the graphic false, fabricated details were never true claiming they were relayed to him by Mr. SJ Pratt: “George Stinney killed the smaller girl to rape the larger one. Then he killed the larger girl and raped her dead body. Twenty minutes later he returned and attempted to rape her again but her body was too cold.” That account, however, is in direct conflict with a recently found autopsy report that did not find evidence of a sexual attack. This account never happened.
    Johnston’s letter “had no basis in fact. It was a complete lie,”
    Johnston’s letter “had no basis in fact. It was a complete lie,”
  • Johnston’s letter “had no basis in fact. It was a complete lie,” said Manning attorney Ray Chandler, in a recent interview whose law firm is defending George Stinney. A review of the original autopsy report previously buried in state archives and a re-examining of events — potentially puts the case on new footing
  • Charles Plowden The court appointed 31-year-old Charles Plowden, a tax commissioner, to defend Stinney. “Plowden had political aspirations. Plowden who had never tried a capital case. Making matters worse, his court-appointed attorney was planning a run for office, putting him in a dangerous conflict of interest that ensured the inadequacy of George Stinney’s defense “Plowden was provide enough defense so that he could not be accused of incompetence, but not be so passionate that he would anger the local whites who may one day vote for him.”
  • The employment and Family relationships are (attached) they further the fact that George had no chance at a fair trial, because all of the inquest jurors were related or worked at the mill for Mr George Burke Sr. who was the mill foreman.
  • To this day, no physical evidence that George Stinney Jr. committed the crime exists. His trial — if you call it that —George was convicted and sentenced in one day of court which lasted less than two hours. Prosecution. No outside witnesses were called. No defense evidence was presented. The boy faced his sentence without (us) his family who were forced to move away from the city for fear of lynching from the angry mobs. Stinney Jr. was left to face trial alone 1,000 people-whites only crammed the South Carolina courthouse. Blacks weren’t allowed inside. The all-White jury deliberated for all of 10 minutes in between lunch before sentencing him to death by electrocution –All this constitutes cruel punishment.

 

Family and Advocate Statements:

                                                              

Rev.Gregg L. Greer (Lead Advocate
Rev.Gregg L. Greer (Lead Advocate)

I along with many believe America is truly a “Great,” County, but we (Americans) must be interested in telling truth and not distorting history to suit our own ends. Let us rewrite this wrong, let us, correct history for the purpose of doing what is right. Stinney’s name must be cleared

Says, Gregg L Greer (Advocate member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference).

 

Sonja Eddy Williamson (Lead Advocate)
Sonja Eddy Williamson (Lead Advocate)

                                                                 

I pray George Stinney, Jr will be exonerated, even as   they took his life. It is never too late to clear one’s name and correct history. My dedicated support for George Stinney, Jr comes by the endless hours of research of the crime and the background of those involved. Please remember to include Judge Mullen in your prayers that she will pray over this case and know George was entitled to fairness. As a human being we all have rights no matter our age, race or social status. As a human we are all created the same and should be treated the same.

Said, Sonya Williamson (Advocate/Researcher for the case)

 

Aime Ruffner (Stinney Family, Sister of George)
Aime Ruffner (Stinney Family, Sister of George)

This is something that I know. I know my brother is innocent.”“Someone has to be the scapegoat,” Aime Stinney said. “My brother was the scapegoat.” Aime Stinney said she found peace a long time ago. “There is a God who sits high and looks low,” she said. “I know that anyone who had anything to do with this will have to come before a just God.”   Aime Ruffner (Stinney Family, Sister of George)

 

Norma Robinson (Stinney Family, Niece)
Norma Robinson (Stinney Family, Niece)

The Stinney Family only seeks “Justice”, “exoneration,” and nothing else. My Grandparents did not live to see the day when this case would be recalled to court. We pray the courts accept the evidence that we know has been known to the public all along, and if only people had looked, but given the time in South Carolina (Jim Crow Era) no one cared to seek the truth. The family strongly believes that documents, public records, and just plain common sense all clearly show that George Stinney Jr did not get a fair trial. Seventy years is a long enough time for any family to suffer such a loss. We pray that we won’t have to endure another seventy years for “Justice.” We need everyone’s support in making sure that the Siblings of George Stinney Jr-Charles, Katherine and Amie het the closure that their parents did not live to see. We will not forget the two innocent girls who I’m sure are in Heaven with George waiting for the truth to come out. We believe that they as well, would want the “real” guilty parties revealed and justice finally served.

Norma Robinson (Stinney Family, Niece)

 

David Stout, (Writer Carolina Skeletons)
David Stout, (Writer Carolina Skeletons)

During the time I was doing the time of the research for the book, “Carolina Skeletons,” I read various statements from various local people in support of a clemency for George Stinney Jr sent to then South Carolina Governor Olin. The people who all seemed to me as good and decent because I noticed that they had shown an enormous amount of human compassion for George Stinney Jr. which was so unusual to me because it was the time of the Jim Crow Era in America but the statements represented how people of different ethnic and social backgrounds can understand one another and come together. David Stout, (Writer Carolina Skeletons)

 

 

It is our Prayer that South Carolina does right by means of Justice, and in the eyes of God, and clear the good name of George Stinney Jr. because George Stinney Jr. is innocent. (Family/Friends)

George Stinney Jr. Rest In Peace!

Georges Place Facebook Group

(All supporting documents can be found on https://www.facebook.com/groups/theloveofgeorge/)  

For More information you may email One World editorial at One1worldtoday@gmail.com

 Gregg L. Greer a Public Speaker, Minister, and Social Activist Gregg Greer as the Editor of One World, and One World Today internet journals. you can reach him at one1worldtoday@gmail.com