Alabama

One World Honors-Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson-A True Hero!

Posted on Updated on

Hero

Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson (born August 18, 1911) is an American woman who was a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama and a key figure in the 1965 march that became known as Bloody Sunday. In 1984, she became founding vice-president of the Schiller Institute. She was awarded the Martin Luther King, Jr. Freedom Medal in 1990.

amelia-boynton

In 1964 and 1965 Boynton worked with Martin Luther King, James Bevel, and others of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to plan demonstrations for civil and voting rights. While Selma had a population that was 50 percent black, only 300 of the town’s African-American residents were registered as voters in 1965, after thousands had been arrested in protests.By March 1966, after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, some 11,000 were registered to vote.

ABR

To protest continuing segregation and disenfranchisement of blacks, in early 1965 Amelia Boynton helped organize a march to the state capital of Montgomery, initiated by James Bevel, which took place on March 7, 1965. Led by John Lewis, Hosea Williams and Bob Mants, and including Rosa Parks and others among the marchers the event became known as Bloody Sunday when county and state police stopped the march and beat demonstrators after they left the Edmund Pettus Bridge and crossed into the county. Boynton was beaten unconscious; a photograph of her lying on Edmund Pettus Bridge went around the world.[8] Another short march led by Martin Luther King took place two days later; they turned back. With federal protection and thousands of marchers joining them, a third march reached Montgomery on March 24, entering with 25,000 people.

**More information on Amelia**

http://www.birminghamtimes.com/2015/08/statement-from-the-family-of-dr-amelia-boynton-robinson/

http://www.biography.com/news/black-history-unsung-heroes-amelia-boynton

**Editors Note**

It appears that at 104 years old Dr. Boynton was still appearing at conferences and engagements but unfortunately -few weeks ago, Dr. Amelia Boynton Robinson was hospitalized after suffering a massive stroke.  Presently, she is in stable, but critical condition. I was scheduled to appear with her at the Community Advocates In Action, Inc 4th Annual Youth History Civil Rights and Voter Education Conference for youth organized by Community Advocates in Action. Inc. Instead her Advocate Leon Frazier will appear. Please keep Amelia in your prayers. For more information on the conference contact communityadvocatesinaction@yahoo.com. One World Honors-Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson-A True Hero!

KELLFLY

GOWBanner

OW2 Promo

Advertisements

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Selma to Montgomery-(A Great Moment in History)

Posted on Updated on

By Gregg L Greer, One World, Editor

On this date in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson informed Alabama’s Governor George Wallace that he will utilize federal authority to order the Alabama National Guard to control a prepared civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery.

Bloody Sunday March
Bloody Sunday March 7, 1965

Bullying and bigotry had earlier blocked Selma’s black population–over half the city–from registering and voting.

On Sunday, March 7, 1965, a gathering of 600 demonstrators marched on the capital city of Montgomery to oppose this disenfranchisement and the earlier murder of a black man, Jimmie Lee Jackson, by a state patrolman. In brutal scenes that aired on television, state and local police assaulted the marchers with billy clubs and tear gas. TV spectators far and wide were outraged by the pictures, and a protest march was organized just forty eight hours after “Bloody Sunday” by Martin Luther King, Jr., head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). King directed the marchers to turn back around, nevertheless, rather than carry out the march without federal constitutional support.

After an Alabama federal judge ruled on March 18
After an Alabama federal judge ruled on March 18

After an Alabama federal judge ruled on March 18 that a third march could go forward, President Johnson and his advisers worked instantly to find a way to guarantee the protection of King and his demonstrators on their passage from Selma to Montgomery. The most compelling obstacle in their way was Governor Wallace, an outspoken anti-integrationist who was reluctant to use any state funds on guarding the demonstrators. Hours after vowing to Johnson–in phone calls recorded by the White House–that he would order out the Alabama National Guard to preserve order, Wallace went on television and charged that Johnson should send in federal troops instead.

Johnson himself was calling the guard up and giving them all required support
Johnson himself was calling the guard up and giving them all required support

Infuriated, Johnson then ordered Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach to write a press release stating that because Wallace refused to use the 10,000 prepared guardsmen to preserve order in his state, Johnson himself was calling the guard up and giving them all required support. Some days following, 50,000 marcher joined King in an amazing 54 miles, under the observant perceptions of state and federal troops.

 King delivered his famous "How Long, Not Long" speech from the steps of the Capitol building.
King delivered his famous “How Long, Not Long” speech from the steps of the Capitol building.

Entering safely in Montgomery on March 25, all attended when King delivered his famous “How Long, Not Long” speech from the steps of the Capitol building. The dispute between Johnson and Wallace–and Johnson’s decisive response–was a significant turning point in the civil rights crusade. Within five months, Congress had enacted the Voting Rights Act, which Johnson boastfully endorsed into law on August 6, 1965.

       One World     Gregg Greer a Public Speaker, Minister, and Social Activist Gregg Greer as the Editor of One World, and One World Today internet journals. you can reach him at one1worldtoday@gmail.com.

Is the Civil Rights Movement in “Danger,” of becoming obsolete?

Posted on Updated on

By Greg Greer, Editor at Large, One world Journal

imagesCAZ4RH10

I'm a Man!

Historically the civil rights movement has not only defined in American History, by showing the world the shining example of Americans fighting for racial and social justice, but it is also notable that the true pioneers of Civil Rights have now, become legends in our time-their names; Malcolm XDr. Martin Luther King Jr., Bobby Seale, Huey Newton and the list goes on. When one thinks about the iconic nature of these individuals-one must consider many factors including their deeds, struggles, and accomplishments. Right now America stands at a critical juncture in its race relations, and the civil rights issues of the present and past have/are going largely ignored. So when asked the question, why, is the Civil Rights Movement in danger of becoming obsolete the major standout reasons are;

Lack of Civil Rights Historical Knowledge

https://oneworld01.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/utsa-students-learn-about-civil-rigths.png
UTSA-students-learn-about-civil-rigths.png

There is clear ignorance by most American’s more specifically students of the basic history of the Civil Rights Movement is a growing challenge — in fact, it has worsened, according to a 2011 report by the Southern Poverty Law Center. The report says that states academic standards for public schools are one major cause of the problem. Eight of 12 states were tested based on the current knowledge of Civil Rights. The most earning A, B or C grades for their treatment of Civil Rights History are southern states where there were major protests, boycotts or violence during the movement’s peak years in the 1950s and ’60s. Surprisingly Alabama, Florida and New York students were given mostly A grades.

“Generally speaking, the farther away from the South — and the smaller the African-American community — the less attention paid to the civil rights movement,” the report says. “Across the country, state educational standards virtually ignore our civil rights history,” concludes the report.

While it is a proven fact that in classrooms around the world students are now being taught the history of the movement, but it is only a small backdrop in most history classes. Civil Rights historians believe that class materials and books water the content down to exerts from speeches-Like Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I have a Dream,” and Malcolm X’s “By any means necessary.”

Growing American multiculturalism

 The census showed that as of July 1, 2011, 50.4 percent of the nation’s population age 1 or under was either Hispanic or a race other than White. “That is a surprising percentage. Twenty years from now (chart below) shows what Time magazine calls “The Browning of America,” which means that the racial makeup of American will be mostly people of color. There’s that historical notion as well.

statistics show the racial make up of America in 40 years
statistics show the racial make up of America in 40 years

A Growing Separatist Movement

Past "Tea Party Movement" Planned By GOP Billionaires?
Past “Tea Party Movement” Planned By GOP Billionaires?

There is a growing premise that race is not the salient characteristic and many question if race should remain a guiding principle of civil rights law today. Example, many Gay and Homosexual organizations now consider their fight for civil liberty the “New Civil Rights.” As time goes on the Civil Rights movement must seek a new life and possibly become a structure that closer resembles “Human Rights.”

 Lastly, the separatist potential in our laws and our society, and separatism’s growing threat to our sense of national community. Groups like the Tea party may cause struggle to Civil Rights due to the dangers of separatism in the context of separatist politics, entitlements, education, and speech, exploring the legal and social issues surrounding each of these areas.  Civil Rights law can either bring us together or drive us apart and that the choices we make now will determine the character of our national future.

In addition to the separatist nature of other groups, the Civil Rights advocates must place value in teaching and understanding what it means to be an, “Active,” American Citizen. They must learn how to identify injustice at all times (even internally). They must learn about the role of individuals (people) in their complexities, as well as the importance of structure. Also, they must see that all people can come together collectively to confront oppression. They need to know that as long as race is a barrier to access and opportunity, and as long as poverty is common for people of color, the dream has not been realized. GLG

Gregg L. Greer a Public Speaker, Minister, Life Coach and Social Activist Gregg Greer as the Editor of One World, and One World Today internet journals. you can reach him at one1worldtoday@gmail.com